2003-08-07 / History of the World


©2003 Tribune Media Services
By Mark Andrews
HISTORY OF THE WORLD ©2003 Tribune Media Services By Mark Andrews

©2003 Tribune Media Services

Aug. 11, 1909, the SOS distress signal was first used by an American ship, the Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, N.C. In 1934, the first federal prisoners arrived at the island prison Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay.

Aug. 12, 1953, the Soviet Union conducted secret tests of its first hydrogen bomb. In 1981, IBM introduced the personal computer and PC-DOS version 1.0.

Aug. 13, 1624, French King Louis XIII named Cardinal Richelieu his first minister. In 1910, Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, died in London.

Aug. 14, 1900, international forces, including U.S. Marines, entered Beijing to put down the Boxer Rebellion, which was aimed at purging China of foreigners. In 1935, the Social Security Act became law, creating unemployment insurance and pension plans for the elderly.

Aug. 15, 1057, Macbeth, king of Scotland, was slain in battle by the son of the late King Duncan, whom Macbeth had murdered 17 years earlier to gain the throne. In 1969, the Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened on Max Yasgur’s dairy farm in upstate New York.

Aug. 16, 1861, President Lincoln prohibited the states of the Union from trading with the seceding Confederate states. In 1977, Elvis Presley died at his Graceland home in Memphis, Tenn., at age 42.

Aug. 17, 1896, a prospecting party discovered gold in Alaska, a finding that touched off the Klondike gold rush. In 1969, Hurricane Camille killed 248 people when it struck Mississippi’s Gulf Coast.

Answer to last week’s question: This week in 1962, Ringo Starr replaced Pete Best as drummer for the Beatles.

This week’s question: Who received a patent for the motion-picture camera in August 1891?

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